São José dos Campos, São Paulo - Sexta, 14 de dezembro de 2018
Life Abroad   

Word affairs

805 million people are starving

One in nine people in the world are starving [1], according to a report released by the United Nations (UN) on September 16

 

In 2000 the leaders of the UN met to agree a goal [2] to reduce world hunger.  The aim [3] was to try to halve [4] the number of people who are starving worldwide by the year 2015. According to the UN, this has been achieved by 63 countries. However, in many other countries the goal to reduce poverty [5] by half is far [6] from being achieved. Today there are 805 million starving people in the world. In the 1990s, the number of starving people worldwide reached a billion people. The continents most affected by a lack of food are Asia and Africa. On the other hand, Latin America is the region where there has been the biggest reduction in extreme poverty.


                     Brazil has reduced poverty


The UN classifies ‘poverty’ as being for people who live on less than US$ 2 a day, and 'extreme poverty' as being those living on less than US$ 1 a day.   According to the UN, Brazil is one of the countries to have made most progress in combating poverty. Between 2001 and 2012 the percentage of Brazilians living on less than US$ 2 a day fell from 24.3% of the population to 8.4%. That is to say, in 11 years poverty was reduced by 65%.  Extreme poverty was reduced by even more: 75%, down from 14% of the population in 2001 to 3.5% in 2012.


Pictures (Albert González Farran/UN ) - Refugee camp in Sudan. 

Matéria publicada na edição de número 81 da revista Maganews.

Áudio (edição impressa) – Fabrízio Pereira


 

Vocabulary

1 to starve – passar fome

2 to agree a goal – definir uma meta

3 aim – objetivo / alvo

4 to halve – reduzir pela metade

5 poverty - pobreza

6 far – longe / distante