São José dos Campos, São Paulo - Terça, 16 de outubro de 2018
Popular Culture   



Carnival in the Northeast
The liveliest street carnival in the world
A Samba Theme?[1] Samba Schools? No way! In the Northeast the carnival is all about the people and the floats [2]. Here we go through a few interesting facts about carnival in Salvador, Recife and Olinda


Salvador has one of the liveliest [3] street carnivals in the world. In the capital of Bahia state carnival lasts for a week.  It only ends on Ash Wednesday [4], when the floats meet at “Praça Castro Alves.” The city hall seals [5]  off 25 kilometers of streets and squares for revelers [6] during the event. In 2011 more than two million people took to the streets of Salvador, enjoying the sound of dozens of carnival floats. This great festival creates over 200,000 temporary jobs. The floats, some of the greatest symbols of Bahian carnival, were invented by the duo Dodô and Osmar. In 1950 they put two speakers in an old jalopy and went through the streets playing frevos. In 1951, Dodô and Osmar replaced the jalopy [7] with a truck [8] and invited another musician to play with them, so creating the first carnival float in Brazil. Over the years, the floats took off [9].  Other great symbols of Bahian carnival are the African carnival groups, which promote African culture. The most famous are Ilê Aiyê, founded in 1974, and Olodum, founded in 1979. Another important group is the Afoxé Filhos de Gandhy, founded in 1949. In 2012 carnival in Bahia will celebrate the centenary of the birth of the writer, Jorge Amado.


Primeira parte da matéria sobre o Carnaval no Nordeste, publicada na edição de fevereiro de Maganews (com áudios de David Hatton e Ashi). A segunda parte da matéria (disponível na edição impressa) aborda o carnaval de Recife e Olinda. A terceira e última parte aborda a história do carnaval no Brasil e a origem dos tradicionais personagens Colombina, Pierrô e Arlequim.
Foto - Bloco Cheiro de Amor - Rita Barreto / Setur.


Vocabulary

 

1 samba theme – samba enredo
2 float – aqui = trio elétrico
3 liveliest – animado
4 Ash Wednesday – quarta-feira de Cinzas
5 to seal – reservar / destinar
6 reveler – folião / festeiro
7 jalopy – calhambeque
8 truck – caminhonete / caminhão

9 to take off – decolar / expandir