São José dos Campos, São Paulo - Quinta, 14 de novembro de 2019
Life & Religion   

 

Religion - Part 1

Twelve facts about Jesus of Nazareth


GIFTED BOY
- When Jesus was just 12 years old He went with his parents on a trip to Jerusalem for Passover [1]. On that occasion He spent a long time in the temple talking with religious elders. They were impressed and delighted by the wisdom and knowledge of the Scriptures the boy displayed. Jesus became a learned [2] adult, who knew how to read and write, even though he had been born into a poor family.  At that time only the richest people had access to any kind of education.

 

FRIENDSHIP - The 12 Apostles closely followed Jesus for three years. Jesus regarded [3] them as great friends. Christ made great friendships with a lot of people, including the siblings [4] Lazarus (whom Jesus raised from the dead), Mary and Martha.

 

SOCIAL LIFE - He was constantly invited to eat in the houses of all kinds of people, from the important Pharisees [5] to Publicans. The Publicans were in charge [6] of collecting taxes from the Jews [7]. Society at that time considered the Publicans to be dishonest. Jesus accepted the invitation and ate and drank everything they offered him. The first miracle performed by Jesus (turning water into wine) happened during a wedding party in the town of Canaan, in Galilee.

 

Creativity and wisdom - Jesus taught his disciples and other people in parables, which were short stories that were inspired by the everyday lives of people of that time. In total, there are more than 30 parables.


Primeira parte da matéria publicada na edição
de número 64 da revista Maganews.

Áudio – Aasita Muralikrishna

Pictures – Floriana Gilardenghi e
Dimitri C (Capa - Path to the cross in irish church)


Vocabulary

1 Passover – Páscoa

2 learned – culto / educado

3 to regard – considerar / estimar
4 siblings – irmãos
5 Pharisees – fariseus

6 in charge - encarregado
7 Jews - Judeus


Twelve facts about Jesus of Nazareth – Part 2

Christ and conflict with the Pharisees

In ancient Judea there was a ruling [1] elite made up of the Pharisees and Sadducees. They were people who had more money than most people. Religious leaders and teachers of the law [2] were also part of this elite

 

SHOWING OFF [3]- The Pharisees were vain people. They liked to show off their religion in public, in order to be praised by people. However, Jesus saw no generosity or affection in the way many of the Pharisees, priests [4] and scribes [5] behaved. Christ used to be a harsh [6]  critic of the Pharisees and the scribes.

 

CRITICS - Christ welcomed anyone who came to him. The Pharisees criticized Jesus for talking to prostitutes and having meals with the Publicans.

 

INTELLIGENT QUESTION - Jesus had endless discussions with the Pharisees and the scribes. In one, on realizing the Pharisees intended to kill Him, Jesus asked them: “I have done many good works among the people. For which of these good works do you want to kill me? ”

 

SMART ANSWER – Christ’s opponents created various strategies in order to arrest and kill Jesus, according to Roman law. They asked Jesus difficult questions. If He answered “yes,” Christ would be demoralized in the face of his own people. But if He answered “no,” he could be sentenced under Roman law. A Pharisee asked Him: “Master, is it right the Jews pay taxes to Caesar [7], or not?" Jesus asked them to bring Him a coin [8] and asked whose image was on it. The Pharisees answered, “Caesar’s.” Christ said, “Then give to Caesar what is Caesar's, and give God what is God’s.” On another occasion the Pharisees brought a woman who was guilty [9] of adultery to Jesus. They said to Jesus, “The Law of Moses says that a woman guilty of adultery should be stoned [10] to death.”  Jesus answered in a surprising way: “Let he who is without sin [11] cast  [12] the first stone.”

 

Áudio (edição impressa)  – Thiago Ribeiro

 

 Vocabulary
1 ruling – dominante
2 teachers of the law – aqui = mestres da lei
3 showing off – aqui = vivendo de aparências (to show off = exibir-se)
4 priest – aqui = sacerdote
5 scribes – escribas (intelectuais da época / “doutores da lei”

6 harsh – duro
7 Caesar – César (imperador romano)
8 coin – moeda
9 guilty – culpada (o)
10 to be stoned – ser apedrejada (o)
11 sin – pecado
12 to cast - atirar


Twelve facts about Jesus of Nazareth – Part 3

The hard task [1] of humanizing the world

At the time of Jesus the law had already been drawn up. The Pharisees and the people tried to follow the commandments [2] of Moses. But for Jesus, that alone was not enough

 

IMPROVING HUMAN BEINGS - Jesus believed that just following the law did not make people better. He said, “Do to others as you would have others do to you.” He also said, “Love one another as I have loved you.” Being kind to friends and relatives is a simple task. But for Jesus this was too little. He said it was necessary not only to treat [3] people who think differently from us well, but even to love and forgive [4]  those who hurt us.

 
JUSTICE - Human beings have an ability to see flaws [5] in others and not to notice their own faults. In this, Jesus asked a question:  “Why do you look at the speck [6] that is in your brother's eye, and you do not notice the beam [7] that is in your own eye?” He also said: “The same measure that you use to judge other people will be used to judge you.”

 

HUMILITY - Many people do everything they can to gain status, power and great professional and personal success. But Jesus said, “If someone wants to be important, they must serve others.” Shortly before his crucifixion, Christ washed the feet of his Disciples.  We can interpret this as follows: instead of trying to be better than others, do your best for other people.

 

RECOGNITION - After the death and resurrection of Christ, his Apostles spread around several countries, continuing the work Jesus had begun. They were bitterly [8] persecuted, but managed to plant seeds [9] in the places they visited. The number of Christians began to grow more and more. However, they continued to be persecuted for about three centuries. Many of these martyrs became Saints, as did the Apostles of Christ. In Brazil there are more than 2,000 cities with the names of saints, including São Paulo, the largest city in the country. The importance of Jesus is recognized even in the Koran, the sacred book of the Islamic religion. Mahatma Gandhi, the most famous pacifist leader of the 20th century, was a great admirer of Jesus, even though he was raised as a Hindu. The world now has about 2.2 billion Christians in it.

 

Áudio (edição impressa)  – Aasita Muralikrishna

 

Vocabulary
1 task – tarefa

2 commandments – mandamentos

3 to treat well – tratar bem

4 to forgive – perdoar

5 flaws – falhas / erros

6 speck – aqui = cisco

7 beam – viga

8 bitterly – aqui = duramente
9 seed - semente